Funded Academic Research & Consultancy Experience

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Where publications are available online, the title will be underlined and will link you to the full version for which you may need a subscription. For copies of publications not available online, please contact the BDA Information Center.

Procter & Gamble (H&BC; Ltd)

Project grants to study 1) demineralisation of enamel, 2) precipitate formation on dental hard tissues and 3) pain in relation to fixed appliance orthodontic treatment. (1995)

Minnesota Manufacturing & Mining Company (3M)

Pilot study of ion motion in dental materials. (1994)

Unilever UK Resources Limited

Consultancy for Dental Research Division involving a laboratory-based feasibility study. (1994)

British Dental Health Foundation Research Awards in collaboration with the Faculty of General Dental Practitioners (UK)

Received in: 1994 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Procter & Gamble Award

Received in: 1994 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Royal Society

Grant for stud of “Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Teeth”. (1993)

Colgate Palmolive Award

Colgate Palmolive Award
Received in: 1993 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Unilever/Mentadent Award

Unilever/Mentadent Award
Received in: 1993 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Wellcome Trust

1992 Project Grant to study “Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy of Ion Motion and Demineralisation in Dental Hard Tissues”.

Royal Society

Grant for evaluation of ion motion in teeth. (1992)

Unilever/Mentadent Awards

Received in: 1992 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

SmithKline Beecham Consumer Brands

1991 Consultancy. Provision of updates on current dental research and commercial perspectives of the results of new research.

Unilever/Mentadent Award

Received in: 1991 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Unilever/Mentadent Award

Received in: 1990 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Colgate Palmolive Award

Received in: 1989 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Colgate Palmolive Award

Received in: 1987 (Funding via the Oral & Dental Research Trust)

Invited Lectures

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Where publications are available online, the title will be underlined and will link you to the full version for which you may need a subscription. For copies of publications not available online, please contact the BDA Information Center.

Talking Points in Dentistry in association with GlaxoSmithkline

“Paediatric Dentistry: Surely there is more to it than ‘drill and fill’!”
Eleven Venue Lecture series across the UK
May 2008

British School of Osteopathy

“Teeth And Bite Matter Too!”
January 2008

Continuing Professional Development for Osteopaths

“The Missing Link – TMJs – posture and bite”
February 2006

British Society for the Study of Cranio-Mandibular Disorders

“Putting the W into Holistic”
May 2005

British Society of Paediatric Dentistry

“Super Posture – Super Bite”
November 2003

Societat Catalina D’Odontoestomatol – Barcelona

“Multidisciplinary Management of postural problems in children with particular emphasis on dental growth and development”
October 2003

Cranio-Sacral Therapists Association – AGM

“Relationship between posture and bite”
October 2002

Eastman Dental Hospital

MSc Endodontics course
March 2002

 

16th International Conference on Neurodevelopmental

“Role of dentistry in managing postural compensations”
March 2002

 

Eastman Endodontic MSc course

“Electronic determination of root canal length”
April 1997, March 1998 and April 1999.

Colgate Research Award presentation

“Atomic Force Microscopy and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy applied to the study of human dentine”
September 1993 (Royal Society of Medicine)

Unilever Research Award presentation

“Neural Network Computing: A novel method to analyze electrical measurements for root canal apex location”
November 1993 (Royal Society of Medicine)

AGM for British Association of Dental Therapists

“Update on diagnosis and management of pit and fissure caries”
April 1993 (Penta Hotel Heathrow)

IRC Group for Biomaterials, based at Queen Mary and Westfield College

“Use of AC impedance spectroscopy to evaluate biological tissues”
February 1993

SmithKline Beecham, Oral Products Division

Research and clinical dental presentations
February, June & October 1992 (Weybridge)

Department of Pathology, Mt. Sinai Hospital Toronto (Canada)

“Electrochemical tests to evaluate health and disease in biological tissues”
August 1992

Gordon Research Conference on Calcium Phosphates

“Electrochemical impedance characterization of human teeth”
July 1992, (Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A.)

Unilever, Oral Care Division

Presentation of Research
November 1991, (Port Sunlight Laboratory)

Royal Air Force Germany, Dental Branch. Autumn Symposium

“Treatment of developmental dental defects in children” & “Diagnosing the carious lesion – Recent developments”
November 1990, at RAF Hospital Wegberg (Germany)

British Paedodontic Society (Southern Group)

“Electronic Caries Detectors – Fact or fiction ?”
December 1988, (Winchester)

Southampton Department of Electrochemistry, Bioelectrosensors Course

“Complex non-linear least squares analysis of impedance data from human teeth”
December 1989 (Southampton)

Bioelectrochemistry Laboratory, Orthopaedic Department, Mt. Sinai Hospital New York

“Frequency domain complex ac impedance spectroscopy of human enamel and dentine”
August 1989 (New York, U.S.A.)

1989 Gordon Research Conference on Calcium Phosphates

“Electrochemical impedance characterization of human teeth”
July 1989, (Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A.)

Southampton University, Department of Chemistry

“Alternating impedance characterization of high impedance biological membranes”
June 1988 (Southampton)

Update your dentistry for the 1990’s – Course given for General Dental Practitioners run by The London Hospital Postgraduate Centre

“Changing methods for the diagnosis of Pit and Fissure Caries”
September 1987 (London)

MSc Reunion at Eastman Dental Hospital

“Use of Electronic Caries meters for aiding the diagnosis of Dental Caries”
July 1987 (London)

Salisbury Medical Society

“Changing Methods of Caries Diagnosis”
May 1987 (Salisbury)

Conference Presentations

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Where publications are available online, the title will be underlined and will link you to the full version for which you may need a subscription. For copies of publications not available online, please contact the BDA Information Center.

The 1st Annual Indiana Conference, Indiana University School of Dentistry

“Early detection of dental caries”
May 1996

British Society for Dental Research

“The effect of ion size and temperature on electrochemical impedance measurements on human enamel” April 1995.

41st ORCA Conference (Cork, Ireland)

“Associations between electrical resistance measurements and clinical diagnostic criteria from primary root caries lesions” July 1994.

British Society for Dental Research

“Evaluation of dentine permeability by scanning electrochemical microscopy and atomic force microscopy” April 1994.

European Society of Endodontics

“Evaluation of Conductivity Pathways that Affect Electrical Determination of Root Canal Working Length” November 1993.

British Society for Dental Research

“Root Canal Measurement by Varied Frequency of Applied Electrical Signal” March 1993. (I was also invited to chair one of the discussion sessions at this conference.)

Physiological Society, London

“Regional variations in electrical properties of human femoral head cartilage characterised with ac impedance in vitro” December 1992.

Gordon Research Conference, Rhode Island

“AC impedance as a tool to characterise ion motion in human dental enamel” July 1992.

International Association for Dental Research, International Conference on Oral Biology, Edinburgh

International Association for Dental Research, International Conference on Oral Biology, Edinburgh
“Scientific basis for electrical diagnosis of carious lesions affecting pits and fissures” June 1992.

Physiological Society, London

“Study comparing the impedance characteristics AC Impedance spectroscopy of isolated normal and proteoglycan depleted bovine cartilage” December 1991.

British Society for Dental Research

“Evaluation of ion transport in human deciduous enamel using electrochemical impedance” April 1991.

British Society for Dental Research

“Electrochemical impedance characterization of human permanent and deciduous enamel” April 1990.

Gordon Research Conference on Calcium Phosphates

“Electrochemical impedance characterization of human teeth” July 1989.

British Society for Dental Research, Annual meeting (Belfast, Northern Ireland)

“Electrochemical impedance characterization of human dental enamel and dentine” April 1988.

British Dental Association Annual Meeting, (Glasgow)

“A comparison of clinical techniques for aiding the diagnosis of dental caries” July 1987.

International Association of Dentistry for Children Annual meeting, Toronto (Canada)

“Why are electronic caries meters unreliable?” June 1987.

British Society for Dental Research

“A scanning electron microscopy study of liquid and gel etching on the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth” March 1987.

Old Londoners’ Dental Meeting, Video and poster demonstrations

“Acid etching prior to fissure sealing – Gel or Liquid ?” February 1987.

Articles in Press

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Where publications are available online, the title will be underlined and will link you to the full version for which you may need a subscription. For copies of publications not available online, please contact the BDA Information Center.

Effect of canal preparation and residual root filling material on root impedance

A Al-bulushi, M Levinkind, M Flanagan, Y-L Ng, K Gulabivala
International Journal of Endodontics, 2008 IEJ Manuscript no. IEJ-06-00306

Articles Related To Posture

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Where publications are available online, the title will be underlined and will link you to the full version for which you may need a subscription. For copies of publications not available online, please contact the BDA Information Center.

Consideration of whole body posture in relation to dental development and treatment of malocclusion in children

Oral Health Report, Volume I, 2008 BDA Journal Supplement

Publications

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The development and validation of an occlusal site-specific plaque index to evaluate the effects of cleaning by tooth brushes and chewing gum

Levinkind, M. Owens, J. Morea, C. Addy, M. Lang, N. P. Adair, R. and Barton, I. J Clinical Periodontology 1999; 26: 177-182

Scanning microradiographic studies of rates of in vitro demineralization in human and bovine dental enamel

Anderson, P. Levinkind, M. Elliott, J. C. Archives of Oral Biology 1998; 43: 649-656

Levinkind M. Electrochemical Impedance strategies for early caries detection

In Proceedings of the 1st Annual Indiana Conference, Indiana University School of Dentistry. Ed George K. Stookey. 1996; pp 183 – 194

The effect of ion size and temperature on electrochemical impedance measurements on human enamel

M levinkind, R Wadge and T VanderNoot J Dent Res 74(3); 866 Abs 357 1995

Alternating current impedance measurements used to quantify diffusion of ions through enamel

T VanderNoot, R Wadge, and M Levinkind J Dent Res 74(3); 866 Abs 358 1995

Management of submerging deciduous molars

M. Levinkind and J. Battagel. Chapter 4.5.5 pp 1-14 In: General Dental Practice. Klewer Publications Ltd. 1995

Magnetic resonance imaging of proton movement through human root dentine

M Levinkind, P Kinchesh and SCR Williams J Dent Res 74 (3) Abs 356 1995

In vitro demineralisation of human enamel assessed with alternating current impedance spectroscopy

R wadge, T VanderNoot1 and M Levinkind J Dent Res (3); 849 Abs 222 1995

A relational database for clinical audit of children with acute dental trauma

M Levinkind, C Hepworth, P Anderson and M Calvert. J Dent Res 74 (3) Abs 425 1995

A scanning laser profilometric study of dentine sections treated with hypersensitivity toothpaste

M Levinkind and J Hepworth. J Dent Res 74 (3) Abs 425 1995

Evaluation of alterations in ion motion in dental materials following water uptake

T W Riseley, R Wadge and M Levinkind J Dent Res 74 (3) Abs 593 1995

Study of psychometric factors affecting pain in relation to orthodontic treatment

G Kidner, R T Lee and M Levinkind J Dent Res 74 (3) Abs 236 1995

Evaluation of alterations in ion motion in dental materials following water uptake

T W Riseley, R Wadge and M Levinkind J Dent Res 74 (3) Abs 593 1995

Evaluation of dentine permeability by scanning electrochemical microscopy and atomic force microscopy

Levinkind, M., Denuault, G. and Nugues, S. J Dent Res 1994; 73:836, Abs 401

Assessment of dentine tubule occlusion by means of electrical impedance spectroscopy

Levinkind, M and Wadge, R. J Dent Res 1994; 73:836, Abs. 400

Evaluation of conductivity pathways that affect electrical determination of root canal working length

Levinkind, M. Wadge, R. and Ahalberg, K. Int Endodontic Journal; 1994; 27:102

Associations between electrical resistance measurements and clinical diagnostic criteria from primary root caries lesions

Levinkind, M., Morris-Clapp, C., Yeganeh, S., Lynch, E and Wadge, R. Caries Research 1994; 28:193 Abs. 45

Electrical assessment of primary root-caries lesions as a guide to treatment need

Levinkind, M., Wadge, R., Morris-Clapp, C., Yeganeh, S. and Lynch, E. J Dent Res 1994; 73:819, Abs 260

Characterization of the electrical resistivity of serial sections of human dentine by means of a.c. impedance measurements

Levinkind, M. Int Endodontic J 1993; 26:22-23

Impedance spectroscopy of human enamel and dentine relating to their physical structure and equivalent circuits

Levinkind, M. PhD Thesis, in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of London

SEM and Wet-SEM evaluation of smear-free human dentine

Levinkind, M. Int Endodontic J 1993; 26:23

Root canal measurement by varied frequency of applied electrical signal

Levinkind, M., Assavanop, P. and Ahlberg, K. J Dent Res 1993; 72:742, Abs.443

Regional variations in electrical properties of human femoral head cartilage characterised with ac impedance in vitro

Levinkind, M. Winlove, P. VanderNoot, T. J. and Urban, J. J Physiology 1993; 473, 100P

Evaluation of complex impedance to assess occlusal caries

Levinkind, M. and VanderNoot, T. J. J Dent Res 1993; 72:721, Abs.273

Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of carious lesion formation in human enamel

Williams, S. C. R. and Levinkind, M. J Dent Res 1993; 72:721, Abs.274

Study comparing the impedance characteristics of isolated normal and proteoglycan depleted bovine cartilage

Levinkind, M. VanderNoot, T. J. and O’Hare, D. J Physiology 1992; 452:60P

Evaluation of smear layers on serial sections of human dentin by means of electrochemical impedance measurements

Levinkind, M. VanderNoot, T. J. and Elliott, J. C. J Dent Res 1992, 71:426-433

Ac impedance characteristics of human enamel and dentine

VanderNoot, T. and Levinkind. M. J Electroanal Chem 1991, 300:191-198

Evaluation of ion transport in human deciduous enamel using electrochemical impedance

Levinkind, M. and VanderNoot, T.J. J Dent Res 1991; 70:705 Abs.P6

Electrochemical impedance characterization of human and bovine enamel

Levinkind, M. VanderNoot, T. J. and Elliott. J. C. J Dent Res 1990, 69:1806-1811

Electrochemical impedance characterization of human permanent and deciduous enamel

Levinkind, M. VanderNoot, T.J. and Elliott, J. C. E., J Dent Res 1990; 69:989 Abs.254

Electrochemical impedance characterization of human dentine

Levinkind, M. VanderNoot, T.J. and Elliott, J. C. E. J Dent Res 1989; 68:456 Abs.H9

Self-inflicted injury facilitated as a result of endodontic therapy

Levinkind, M. and Ahalberg, K. Int Endodontic Journal 1988; 21:376-380

Electrochemical impedance characterisation of human enamel and dentine.

Levinkind, M. J Dent Res 1988; 67:463, Abs.27

Dentinogenesis imperfecta: an interdisciplinary approach

Battagel, J.M. and Levinkind, M. Br Dent J 1988; 165:329-331

A scanning electron microscope study of gel and liquid etching on the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth

Levinkind, M. J. Dent Res 1987; 66:887, Abs.464

1987 Successful management of pit and fissure caries

Part I Rationalising the diagnosis, Chapter: 4.5.3; Part II Prevention and treatment. Chapter: 4.5.4; In: General Dental Practice. Klewer Publications Ltd

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